Installing and running on Ubuntu¶
There instructions are for setting up a headless (no monitor attached) Sevabot running in Skype on Ubuntu Server. The instructions have tested on Ubuntu Version 12.04.1 unless mentioned otherwise.
For desktop installation instructions see below.
Install Ubuntu dependencies needed to run headless Skype.
SSH into your server as a root or do
Then install necessary software:
apt-get update apt-get install -y xvfb fluxbox x11vnc dbus libasound2 libqt4-dbus libqt4-network libqtcore4 libqtgui4 libxss1 libpython2.7 libqt4-xml libaudio2 libmng1 fontconfig liblcms1 lib32stdc++6 lib32asound2 ia32-libs libc6-i386 lib32gcc1 nano python-virtualenv wget http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-beta-ubuntu-64 -O skype-linux-beta.deb # if there are other unresolved dependencies install missing packages using apt-get install and then install the skype deb package again dpkg -i skype-linux-beta.deb
More packages and Python modules needed to:
apt-get install -y python-gobject-2 apt-get install -y curl git
Now we will create the UNIX user
skype running Sevabot and Skype the client application.
In this phase of installation you will need a VNC remote desktop viewer software on your local computer. On Linux you have XVNCViewer, on OSX you have Chicken of VNC and on Windows you have TinyVNC.
# Create a random password openssl rand -base64 32 # Copy this output, write down and use in the input of the following command adduser skype # We must run Skype under non-root user
Exit from the current (root) terminal session.
Login to your server:
git clone git://github.com/opensourcehacker/sevabot.git
If you want to live dangerously you can use git dev branch where all the development happen. You can switch to this branch with “git checkout dev” command in the sevabot folder.
Start xvfb, fluxbox and Skype:
# This will output some Xvfb warnings to the terminal for a while SERVICES="xvfb fluxbox skype" ~/sevabot/scripts/start-server.sh start
Start VNC server:
# This will ask you for the password of VNC remote desktop session. # Give a password and let it write the password file. # Delete file ~/.x11vnc/password to reset the password ~/sevabot/scripts/start-vnc.sh start
On your local computer start the VNC viewing software and connect the server:
vncviewer yourserver.example.com # Password as you give it above
You see the remote desktop. Login to Skype for the first time. Make Skype to save your username and password. Create Skype account in this point if you don’t have one for sevabot.
Now, in your local Skype, invite the bot as your friend. Then accept the friend request.
It is important to add one Skype buddy for your Sevabot instance in this point, so don’t forget to do this step.
Now, in Sevabot go to Skype’s settings and set the following:
- No chat history
- Only people on my list can write me
- Only people on my list can call me
When Skype is up and running on your server, you can attach Sevabot into it.
Sevabot is deployed as Python virtualenv installation.
Login to your server as
skype user over SSH:
sevabot, as checked out from Github earlier, using Python virtualenv:
cd sevabot virtualenv venv . venv/bin/activate python setup.py develop
ALTERNATIVE on some older Ubuntus - do only if the virtualenv and pip installation above doesn’t seem to work:
cd sevabot curl -L -o virtualenv.py https://raw.github.com/pypa/virtualenv/master/virtualenv.py python virtualenv.py venv . venv/bin/activate . venv/bin/activate
- Pull all Python package dependencies from pypi.python.org package service
- Create Sevabot launch scripts under
Set password and customize other Sevabot settings by creating and editing editing
# Create a copy of settings.py cd ~/sevabot cp settings.py.example settings.py nano settings.py
SHARED_SECRET: web interface password
HTTP_HOST: Public IP address you want Sevabot’s web interface listen to (on Ubuntu you can figure this out using ``ipconfig command)
We need one more thing and that’s accepting Skype dialog for Sevabot control in VNC session. Make sure Xvfb, Fluxbox, Skype and VNC is running as instructed above. Do:
# Start Sevabot and make initial connect attempt to Skype SERVICES=sevabot ~/sevabot/scripts/start-server.sh start
Authorize the connection and tick Remember in VNC session
To start the Sevabot do:
# Following will restart Xvnx, Fluxbox, Skype and Sevabot ~/sevabot/scripts/start-server.sh restart
The last line you see should be something like:
2013-03-17 18:45:16,270 - werkzeug - INFO - * Running on http://220.127.116.11:5000/
Make sure your IP address is right in above
From the log files see that Sevabot starts up:
tail -f ~/sevabot/logs/sevabot.log
It should end up reading like this:
Started Sevabot web server process
Start chatting with your Sevabot instance with your local Skype.
In Skype chat, type:
Sevabot should respond to this message with Skype message:
Sometimes Skype starts up slowly on the server and the initial messages are eaten by something. If you don’t get instant reply, wait one minute and type !ping again.
Sevabot server interface is listening to port 5000. This interface offers
- Chat list (you need to know group chat id before you can send message into it)
- Webhooks for integrating external services
Just access the Sevabot server by going with your web browser to:
If you have problems see Troubleshooting section for more information how to resolve them.
Sevabot and all related services can be controller with
helper script. Services include
- Sevabot itself
scripts/start-server.sh stop ... scripts/start-server.sh start ... scripts/start-server.sh status Xvfb is running fluxbox is running skype is running Sevabot running OVERALL STATUS: OK
To run sevabot from the server from reboot or do a full bot restart there is an example script reboot-seva.sh provided. It also does optionally manual SSH key authorization so that the bot can execute remote commands over SSH.
To make your Sevabot bullet-proof add a cron job to check that Sevabot is running correctly and reboot if necessary.
Sevabot has a cute logo which you want to set as Sevabot’s Skype avatar image.
Here are short instructions.
Login as your sevabot user, tunnel VNC:
ssh -L 5900:localhost:5900 firstname.lastname@example.org
On your local VNC client, connect to
Set the avatar image through Skype UI.
You don’t need Xvfb, VNC or fluxbox. These instructions were written for Ubuntu 12.04 64-bit.
These instructions were written for running 32-bit Skype client application in 64-bit Ubuntu. Since writing the instructions the situation have changed and Skype has 64-bit application too. If you have insight of how to install these packages correctly please open an issue on Github and submit an updated recipe.
Install requirements and Skype:
sudo -i apt-get install xvfb fluxbox x11vnc dbus libasound2 libqt4-dbus libqt4-network libqtcore4 libqtgui4 libxss1 libpython2.7 libqt4-xml libaudio2 libmng1 fontconfig liblcms1 lib32stdc++6 lib32asound2 ia32-libs libc6-i386 lib32gcc1 apt-get install python-gobject-2 curl git wget http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-beta-ubuntu-64 -O skype-linux-beta.deb # if there are other unresolved dependencies install missing packages using apt-get install and then install the skype deb package again dpkg -i skype-linux-beta.deb exit
Start Skype normally, register a new user or you can also use your own Skype account for testing..
git clone git://github.com/opensourcehacker/sevabot.git cd sevabot virtualenv venv # Assume we use Python 2.7 virtualenv installed from Ubuntu 12.04 package manager . venv/bin/activate python setup.py develop
Customize Sevabot settings:
cp settings.py.example settings.py
Use your text editor to open
settings.py and set your own password there.
. venv/bin/activate sevabot
You should now see in your terminal:
Skype API connection established getChats() * Running on http://localhost:5000/
Now enter with your browser to: http://localhost:5000/.